Achievements and Awards
Scientific honours and awards: Retzius Medal Royal Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography. 1950; Mungo Park Medal Royal Scottish Society for Geography 1951; Bonaparte-Wyse Gold Medal Société de Geographie de Paris 1951; Kent Kane Gold Medal Geographical Society of Philadelphia 1952; Honorary Member Geographical Society of Norway 1953, of Peru 1953, of Brazil 1954. Elected Member of the Norwegian Academy of Sciences, 1958; Fellow of the New York Academy of Science, 1960. Doctor Honoris Causa by Oslo University, 1961; Vega Gold Medal of the Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography ,1962; Lomonosov Medal of Moscow University, 1962; Royal Geographical Society Gold Medal London, 1964; Distinguished Service Award, Pacific Lutheran University, 1966; Member of the American Anthropological Association, 1966; Kiril i Metodi Award of the Geographical Society of Bulgaria, 1972; Honorary Professor of the Instituto Politecnico de la Universidad Nacional, Mexico 1972; International Pahlavi Environment Prize, United Nations 1978; Doctor Honoris Causa USSR Academy of Science 1980; Bradford Washburn Award, Boston Museum of Science, USA, 1982; Doctor Honoris Causa Universidad San Martin, Lima, 1991; Doctor Honoris Causa University of Havana, Cuba, 1992; Doctor Honoris Causa University of Kiev, Ukraine, 1993; President’s Medal, Pacific Lutheran University, USA, 1996; Doctor Honoris Causa Universidad Nacional Federico Villareal, Lima, Peru, 1997; Doctor Honoris Causa University of Maine, USA, 1998; Doctor Honoris Causa University of Hartford, Connecticut, USA, 1998; Doctor Honoris Causa Latvian Academy of Sciences, 1998; International Prize of the Spanish Geographical Society 1998; Doctor Honoris Causa D.
Mendeleyev University of Chemical Technology of Russia, 1999; Doctor Honoris Causa University of Rostov, Russia, 2000.